Satellites

Most verbs have a satellite that directly follows the direct object, if one is present. If a direct object is not present, the satellite follows the verb root. Satellites precede indirect objects and other phrases which follow the verb.

Nine satellites have been seen in Trigedasleng—op, in, au, we, of, raun, daun, klin, thru—though more may exist.

Some useful guidelines for satellites follows:

  • raun: used for base-transitive verbs when used intransitively, and replaces the transitive satellite (usually op or in); also used for many base-intransitive verbs
  • op: typically attached to concrete verbs (verbs for doing and acting on the physical world)
  • in: typically attached to abstract verbs (verbs for things like thinking and saying and hearing, which have less impact on the physical world)
  • klin: indicates finality and has special uses
  • au: typically used where its English ancestor ("out") would be used
  • we: typically used where its English ancestor ("away") would be used
  • daun: typically used where its English ancestor ("down") would be used; n.b. the second-tier demonstrative daun ("that-one-here")
  • thru: indicates continuation or progressive action (e.g. kik raun "to live" vs kik thru "to survive")